Diabetes is diagnosed by high blood sugar, and therefore most people think that this is the disease itself. It is true that all diabetes does manifest itself as hyperglycemia, high blood sugar, although this is a symptom of the end stage of the disease, in various magnitudes.
So one’s blood sugar has to reach a certain threshold before we get a diagnosis, and from there we get characterized as having various degrees of the disease, depending on how high our blood sugar is. This as described as various degrees of control or lack of control, although sometimes people argue whether a certain number qualifies as good control or not.
So that’s how we see the disease, it’s just higher blood sugar, high enough to be called type 2 diabetes, although merely the propensity to go high is enough to be characterized as a diabetic, as in once a diabetic, always a diabetic.
So we say there’s no cure, and some people will even say that there is no reversal of diabetes either, but if simply having high blood sugar at one time makes you a diabetic, there’s no way out of this, because to no longer be a diabetic you’d have to go back in time.
On the one hand they are telling us that diabetes is high blood sugar, but on the other hand we’re told that even if our blood sugar isn’t diabetic anymore we’re still diabetic, which is of course a contradiction. There obviously has to be more to it than just the high blood sugar though although they don’t admit this really.
Treatments that are designed to merely lower blood sugar usually do not address the disease at all though, so it’s no wonder why they say you’re still diabetic even if you are well controlled so so speak, because that’s absolutely true in the majority of cases.
If people use medication to treat high blood sugar, they are most certainly still diabetic, because these medications make the disease worse over time, not better, and certainly don’t cure it or even reverse it.
If diabetes is the propensity to have high blood sugar, which is the definition people must use even if they don’t do so overtly, then we need to ask ourselves what this propensity is. When people get symptoms, we normally want to know what’s behind them, so that we can treat it, try to make them better, we don’t just say here’s some medication to lower your fever and just keep taking that and if you don’t the fever will come back, meanwhile the disorder itself is just neglected.
That would be pretty stupid but this is exactly how we treat type 2 diabetes. Surely there is something behind the high blood sugar but never mind that just keep taking this stuff to try to keep it in the range we tell you it should be in, like keep taking the ibuprofen or whatever to help keep your fever below a certain number.
This is a perfect analogy actually and was put forth by Dr. Jason Fung, who is the king of diabetic analogies actually and I would say this might be his most significant contribution to understanding our disease, aside from the fact that a lot of people watch his videos and he has the knack to explain these things in a way that practically anyone could understand. I try to do that too but Dr. Fung is the master of this.
So as we seek to lower the fever or the high blood sugar or any symptom, without trying to fix what’s causing it, this is not going to end well. The body does strive to maintain homeostasis, to heal itself, but once you have a disease, this is a battle that we are obviously losing, and if things don’t change, we will just continue to lose more and more.
With disease, symptoms are actually attempts by the body to counter disease, like a fever counters infection, and high blood sugar looks to counter diabetes. So it’s not the disease, it’s the body’s attempt to deal with it, as strange as that may sound.
Very few people understand this, because it runs so counter to the disorder of diabetes being high blood sugar, so you first have to get rid of that idea. We do know that the concern here is our cells getting exposed to excess glucose though, and our cells naturally look to resist this excess, and that raises our blood sugar.
This is done to look to reduce the damage that excess glucose causes, although many people think that somehow the problem is that we don’t take in enough glucose with diabetes, because they don’t really have much of a clue at all why we are exposed to excess glucose in the first place.
So they will say our cells are starving for glucose, where the truth is, they have been poisoned by it for so long that their capacity is reduced. So a normal amount is poisonous to them, and an excessive amount is really poisonous, so they are resisting even more excess.
If you ask them what causes type 2 diabetes, the standard answer is that it is either insulin deficiency or insulin resistance. People don’t even care which though, which is pretty ridiculous, but when we measure insulin levels of type 2’s we find that in almost all cases their insulin levels are several times normal, high enough to be characterized as disease, so there’s no doubt that the answer here with type 2’s is the second one, insulin resistance.
So what causes insulin resistance? Well too much insulin does for sure, but we instead look to increase it further, because we’re interested in treating the symptom, the high blood sugar, and this causes the condition behind it, the insulin resistance, to get worse, but who cares because we can just prescribe more and more medication as patients are worsened by it, and in the end when we can’t help them anymore, well that’s diabetes, they just don’t see the blood on their hands.
It’s not enough to just say that insulin resistance causes this, and in fact insulin resistance itself is a way that the body fights back against the disease, it’s another symptom actually. The real reason why high insulin damages us isn’t because it causes insulin resistance, it’s because it causes cellular toxicity from an overload of nutrients, both glucose and fat.
So this manifests itself as glucotoxicity and lipotoxicity, cells don’t get sick because they are getting too little of this stuff, they get too much and they get damaged and can handle less and less of the stuff.
So they are fighting back with insulin resistance because these excessive levels of insulin would normally poison them much faster by forcing them to take in way more nutrients than cells are designed to, although along the way they get quite damaged anyway, and eventually they get sick enough that even a normal amount of these nutrients can be more than they can handle.
So excess glucose gets pooled up in the blood because it’s being rejected, no one cares about making the cells healthier though, we want to instead make them sicker by forcing them to take in even more glucose and fat.
The real kicker though is when this excess insulin destroys our ability to sense our own blood sugar by way of glucotoxicity and lipotoxicity destroying the abilities of our pancreas, liver, and kidneys to sense glucose properly.
This is where diabetes really kicks in, and our bodies start making way more than normal due to it thinking we’re low when we’re actually too high. So our cells can’t handle normal amounts but we’re faced with way higher than normal amounts of glucose being put into our blood, and this ends up being a real metabolic disaster.
This really does all boil down to looking to heal the cells, and the key to that is to first reverse the high insulin levels we have, and this is why a low carb diet helps so much, because it serves to do that. We eat too many carbs, our insulin levels go up too much, and this starts the whole cascade.
In addition, taking things to promote cellular health and restore some of the broken processes that our bodies have undergone over years and even decades can help as well. This all involves treating diabetes naturally, functionally, looking to help the problem and seek to remedy it rather than worsen it, what a concept!
It’s more complicated than just cutting the carbs of course and there’s a lot of weird things that happens when we get overloaded with these toxicities, but the first step has to be to lighten the load, lighten our insulin levels, because this is what is behind all this poisoning, and if we don’t stop this, we have no chance of anything but getting worse every year until we die. That’s the norm, although that doesn’t make it in any sense acceptable.