I don't have it in for all MDs, and in fact it's not really their fault that they take such a dim and narrow view of the practice of medicine, because that's what they are taught. A few though have been able to break free of their indoctrination and open their minds to a wider perspective on health, one focused on achieving health and overcoming diseases rather than just treating symptoms with a repertoire that is limited to toxic agents.
One of these pioneers is Dr. Jonathan Wright, an American MD who takes a much more functional approach to the practice of medicine than his colleagues in his profession dare to. I want to talk about an article of his on using berberine versus metformin to treat diabetes.
There is a huge amount of bias towards Metformin among MDs, it's actually pretty rare to see an MD recommend berberine instead of Metformin, because they are trained to prescribe pharmaceuticals, they are not trained at all in the use of natural medicines, and generally are ignorant about something like berberine.
If it turns out that berberine is superior to Metformin overall though, then it would be stupid to tell people to take Metformin instead, but it's even worse not to even look at berberine and familiarize yourself with it enough to even be able to make such a decision. This is left to naturopaths and alternative practitioners, or practitioners of so called functional medicine, conventional medical practice does not wish to consider alternatives, even if they are clearly better.
Such is the case with Metformin, which by the way is the least vile of prescription anti-diabetics, and if it came down to having to choose between Metformin and any other anti diabetic, Metformin should be preferred hands down.
However, Metformin isn't without its issues, and there are a number of them. First off, it raises lactic acid levels, and while it's fairly rare to get lactic acidosis, which is often fatal by the way, where the kidneys can no longer clear the toxic amounts of lactic acid that Metformin causes, it's just not a great idea to have your lactic acid levels raised this high.
The body fights hard and uses up precious resources to maintain the proper acid alkaline balance, and as it is we tend to eat an acid forming diet, and the last thing we should want to do is to significantly tax this homeostasis in the way that Metformin clearly does. This in itself likely contributes to a lot of the adverse reactions we see with this drug.
We're not even sure what the actual causes are behind the long list of side effects that Metformin causes, but it's quite clear that the body does not want this drug, and it very often makes people sick and gives them diarrhea as the body fights hard to expel the drug.
Metformin does a number of other things, and we can only talk about the ones we know about by the way, and there may be more, including interfering with thyroid function, reducing testosterone, reducing energy levels, depleting vital nutrients such as B12 and folate, elevating homocysteine, which is something we definitely don't want, and more.
On the other hand, berberine has been used safely for thousands of years, it has been shown to reduce blood sugar as well as Metformin, and even does so through similar pathways, most notably in improving AMPK signaling. This plays a huge role in controlling liver dumping by the way, and is why both medications improve this and lower blood sugar that way primarily.
Berberine doesn't come with the litany of ill effects that Metformin does though, and actually has several benefits that Metformin doesn't. It doesn't deplete essential nutrients. It doesn't cause massive lactic acid production. It doesn't lower TSH or interfere with conversion of T4 to T3, so your thyroid metabolism is left unharmed.
It doesn't raise homocysteine, it lowers it, and this is the main reason why we are finding that Metformin increases the risk of heart attack in men. It also doesn't lower testosterone, it increases it, something that men will also really appreciate.
Berberine is also a potent antimicrobial and antifungal and in fact it's main purpose historically has been to treat infections. It does so in a friendly way as well, unlike antibiotics, which leave you worse off. Berberine instead maintains natural gut health by controlling what we want to control and this permits the friendly organisms to thrive as they are supposed to.
Berberine also has a beneficial effect on blood lipids, something Metformin really lacks. In fact berberine is a pretty powerful agent in maintaining healthy lipid levels and treats all of the markers, lowers LDL and triglycerides to healthy levels and increase HDL as well.
Berberine has other benefits in addition to these, it has anti cancer properties, which Metformin has as well, and it's also neuro protective and can prevent neurogenerative disease like Alzheimer's and dementia. Berberine can even help prevent against osteoporosis, another condition that affects the elderly a lot.
Berberine is also a natural antidepressant, and many diabetics suffer from depression to some degree, and pretty much all of us could stand to have our mood elevated a bit. This works gently and naturally though, unlike anti depressant drugs which tend to disturb our delicate brain chemistry and can produce some real side effects.
Berberine's blood sugar lowering effects aren't just limited to AMPK signaling though. It positively affects many mechanisms, correcting various other imbalances in signaling, and it lowers both insulin levels and insulin resistance, as well as increasing glucose uptake, some things very desirable to diabetics. It even raises GLP-1 levels, which tend to be low in type 2 diabetics, but it does so very modestly and not in the dangerous fashion that drugs to, by elevating these levels well beyond healthy ones.
Diabetics also tend to suffer from too much fat in their liver, and berberine is a great treatment against that, and even if you don't have fatty liver, we are at risk for this from our higher insulin levels and we want to look to prevent this, and once again, berberine helps us. It also helps against fatty pancreas, which isn't talked about much but is a big problem with blood sugar regulation, as you might imagine, and affects both beta and alpha cells negatively.
Berberine also is helpful in treating leaky gut syndrome, which is a huge problem with a lot of people these days, and this is one of the big problems that arises when you up the grains in your diet, especially whole grains. Berberine helps heal the junctions in the intestinal wall that become too large with leaky gut and permit all sorts of things to enter the bloodstream that aren't supposed to be there.
So this is an amazing medicine, and the only contradictions you will see with this are with using it in newborns, and it's also suggested that pregnant women not take it, although the evidence here isn't very strong at all and it comes from using dosages in rats that are 50-60 times higher than comparable human doses, dosages no one should be taking whether pregnant or not.
Those with gut dysbiosis who start taking it can encounter some gastrointestinal side effects if they start at too high of a dosage, if you have too much bad bacteria or fungus for instance, as berberine is very effective at killing these harmful organisms and as they die off they can produce more toxins in the short term, and in this case one should titrate the dosage, but most people have no side effects at all starting at the therapeutic doses of 1000-2000 mg a day.
Berberine isn't just the most phenomenal anti diabetic medicine out there, it might be the most phenomenal medicine known to man period, and there are a lot of reasons to think so. When it comes down to deciding between berberine and Metformin though, it is truly a no brainer.